World's First Website


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Ferdian Alfianto

Ferdian Alfianto

Ferdian Alfianto is an Internet enthusiast, Mac Lover; likes using Wordpress, experimenting with Linux (especially Debian and Ubuntu), tinkering with pfSense routers, happy experimenting with LEMP (Linux, Nginx, MariaDB, PHP) and Redis. You can contact me here.

On August 6, 1991, without fanfare, British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee published the first-ever website while working at CERN, Switzerland's large particle physics laboratory.

Tim Barners-Lee photo
The figure of Tim Barners-Lee, the founder of the WWW

Berners-Lee, putra seorang ilmuwan komputer, lahir di London pada 1955 (tahun yang sama dengan Steve Jobs dan Bill Gates) dan belajar fisika di Oxford. Saat bekerja di CERN pada 1980-an, Berners-Lee mengamati betapa sulitnya melacak proyek dan sistem komputer dari ribuan peneliti organisasi yang tersebar di seluruh dunia. Saat dia kemudian menyatakan: “Pada masa itu, ada informasi yang berbeda di komputer yang berbeda. Tetapi kita harus masuk ke komputer yang berbeda untuk mendapatkannya. Selain itu, terkadang kita harus mempelajari program yang berbeda di setiap komputer. ”

The project name

In March 1989, Berners-Lee gave managers at CERN a proposal for an information management system to use hypertext to link documents on various computers connected to the Internet. (Hypertext, a term coined in 1963, allows a person to get to a document or content by clicking on a coded word or phrase.) "Cryptic but interesting" by his superiors, the proposal was initially not accepted. Berners-Lee is working with Robert Cailliau, a Belgian engineer at CERN, to refine the proposal. And in 1990, the boss gave him time to work on the project. Berners-Lee tried to name the project Mine of Information and Information Mesh, before assigning it by name WorldWideWeb.

The computer used by Barners-Lee created the world's first website
The computer used by Barners-Lee created the world's first website

By the end of 1990, Berners-Lee, using a NeXT computer designed by Steve Jobs, had developed the key technology that became the foundation of the web. Including Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), to create a Web page. Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), a set of rules for transferring data over the Web. And Uniform Resource Locators (URL), or a Web address to find a document or page. He has also designed basic browser and Web server software.

World's First Web Launch

The beginnings of the Web as a publicly available service on the Internet arrived on August 6, 1991, when Berners-Lee published the first website. To be precise, it was about the World Wide Web project, which explained what the Web was and how to use it. Hosted at CERN on Berners-Lee's NeXT computer, the site URL is

Berners-Lee tidak mencoba menguangkan penemuannya dan menolak panggilan CERN untuk mematenkan teknologi Web-nya. Dia ingin Web terbuka dan gratis sehingga dapat berkembang dan berkembang secepat mungkin. Seperti yang kemudian dia katakan, “Seandainya teknologi itu menjadi hak milik, dan dalam kendali penuh saya, itu mungkin tidak akan lepas landas. Anda tidak dapat mengusulkan bahwa sesuatu menjadi ruang universal dan pada saat yang sama tetap mengendalikannya. “

The First Web Browser

In 1993, a team at the University of Illinois National Center for Supercomputing Applications released Mosaic, the first web browser to become popular among the general public. The next few years saw the launch of websites such as Yahoo (1994), Amazon (1995), eBay (1995) and Google (1998). By the time Facebook debuted in 2004, there were more than 51 million websites, according to Internet Live Stats.


Meanwhile, in 1994, Berners-Lee left CERN headed for Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Where he founded World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), an organization that maintains standards for the Web. This humble visionary was later named one of the Time Magazine's 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century. And in 2004 was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. In 2009, Berners-Lee started World Wide Web Foundation. An organization focused on ensuring that the Web benefits humanity. During the opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, he was honored to have created the Web and tweeted, “Ini untuk semua orang.”


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