On August 6, 1991, without fanfare, British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee published the first-ever website while working at CERN, Switzerland's large particle physics laboratory.
Berners-Lee, the son of a computer scientist, was born in London in 1955 (the same year as Steve Jobs and Bill Gates) and studied physics at Oxford. While working at CERN in the 1980s, Berners-Lee observed how difficult it was to track the projects and computer systems of thousands of organizational researchers scattered around the world. As he later stated: “In those days, there was different information on different computers. But we have to log into a different computer to get it. Also, sometimes we have to learn a different program on each computer. "
The project name
In March 1989, Berners-Lee gave managers at CERN a proposal for an information management system to use hypertext to link documents on various computers connected to the Internet. (Hypertext, a term coined in 1963, allows a person to get to a document or content by clicking on a coded word or phrase.) "Cryptic but interesting" by his superiors, the proposal was initially not accepted. Berners-Lee is working with Robert Cailliau, a Belgian engineer at CERN, to refine the proposal. And in 1990, the boss gave him time to work on the project. Berners-Lee tried to name the project Mine of Information and Information Mesh, before assigning it by name WorldWideWeb.
By the end of 1990, Berners-Lee, using a NeXT computer designed by Steve Jobs, had developed the key technology that became the foundation of the web. Including Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), to create a Web page. Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), a set of rules for transferring data over the Web. And Uniform Resource Locators (URL), or a Web address to find a document or page. He has also designed basic browser and Web server software.
World's First Web Launch
The beginnings of the Web as a publicly available service on the Internet arrived on August 6, 1991, when Berners-Lee published the first website. To be precise, it was about the World Wide Web project, which explained what the Web was and how to use it. Hosted at CERN on Berners-Lee's NeXT computer, the site URL is http://info.cern.ch.
Berners-Lee didn't try to cash in on his invention and turned down CERN's calls to patent his Web technology. He wanted the Web to be open and free so it could grow and expand as quickly as possible. As he later said, “Had the technology been proprietary, and in my full control, it probably wouldn't have taken off. You cannot propose that something be a universal space and still control it at the same time. "
The First Web Browser
In 1993, a team at the University of Illinois National Center for Supercomputing Applications released Mosaic, the first web browser to become popular among the general public. The next few years saw the launch of websites such as Yahoo (1994), Amazon (1995), eBay (1995) and Google (1998). By the time Facebook debuted in 2004, there were more than 51 million websites, according to Internet Live Stats.
Meanwhile, in 1994, Berners-Lee left CERN headed for Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Where he founded World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), an organization that maintains standards for the Web. This humble visionary was later named one of the Time Magazine's 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century. And in 2004 was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. In 2009, Berners-Lee started World Wide Web Foundation. An organization focused on ensuring that the Web benefits humanity. During the opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, he was honored to have created the Web and tweeted, "It's for everyone."